Courses - Granada, Spain
(June 11-14, 2018)
Foundations of Nationalism, Globalism, and Human Rights (1 Credit)
Instructor: Timothy Floyd, Mercer
This course will explore the historical evolution of modern human rights law and the role of that history and theory in current human rights law and global institutions. We will also note how pluralism, globalism, and universal human rights can be in conflict with nationalism and the modern nation state. We will explore how the categories of "humanity" and “rights” arose in classical thought, and we will trace that development through the Protestant Reformation, the Enlightenment, and the American and French Revolutions. We will then examine how a commitment to universal human rights, globalism, and pluralism became widespread since 1945, and we will study the development of international treaties and covenants and the global and multi-national institutions designed to enforce those rights. Nonetheless, nationalism and ethnic separatism remain strong forces, and over the past few years those forces seem to be on the rise in Europe and North America.
We will use the history of Granada and Spain as a case study for these developments. Medieval Spain had a relative degree of tolerance and pluralism among Muslims, Jews, and Christians, but that pluralism disappeared after 1492. From the 16th through the mid-20th century Spain resisted the modern trend toward human rights. After 1978, however, Spain has embraced human rights, pluralism, and democracy. At the same time, however, Spain is home to several ethnic separatist movements, including in the Basque region and in Catalonia.
Finally, we will return to the relationship of Christians, Muslims, and Jews, this time in the 21st Century. We will examine terrorism, the refugee crisis, and the impact of these on human rights and pluralism.
(June 18-21, 2018)
Political Movements in Tax (1 Credit)
Instructor: Kristin Gutting, Charleston
Globally, especially considering release of the Panama Papers, international tax enforcement by tax authorities continues to increase to stop tax havens, money laundering, and tax evasion. Some methods of enforcement include public shaming, increased reporting requirements, information exchange programs, public awareness campaigns, and heightened penalties. This course will explore the various methods of international tax enforcement by the Internal Revenue Service and other international tax authorities, including the IRS Criminal Investigation Division’s new international tax enforcement group, the United States Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s (OECD) Common Reporting Standard. Additionally, this course will explore the Agencia Estatal de Administracion Tributaria’s (AEAT), the revenue service for Spain, enforcement methods, including examining AEAT’s recent public shaming of legendary soccer stars Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo. No prior tax knowledge is required.
(June 25-28, 2018)
The Internet, the Law, and Populist Uprisings (1 credit)
Instructor: Catherine Cameron, Stetson
The internet and social media have fueled many populist uprisings in the last decade even though the governments of many countries have exerted control over these vehicles of communication. Despite the vast bans on access of websites by Eastern European and Middle-Eastern countries, the taxations schemes placed on users of the internet employed by many Western European countries, and the heavy surveillance of the internet conducted by the United States, internet communications have been credited with spawning the Arab Spring, the US Occupy Movement, Spain’s 15M movement, and Iceland’s Kitchenware Revolution. This proposed course would focus on the various legal avenues governments have used to attempt to curtail internet communications to prevent populist uprisings by focusing on case studies of uprisings in specific countries and the legal recourses citizens of these countries have used to fight these government interventions.
(July 2-5, 2018)
Social Movements and the Law and Technology of Free Speech and Government Surveillance (1 credit)
Instructor: Marc Blitz, Oklahoma City University
The rise of computer and Internet technology is changing both the way that political movements organize collective action and express dissent. It is also changing the way that government actors mobilize their own supporters to achieve political goals, and conduct surveillance on those they deem dangerous. Protestors increasingly use SmartPhone- or computer- applications to organize protests, and use platforms such as YouTube to post videos of perceived government misdeeds. As is evident from many public officials’ and candidates’ recent use of Twitter, governments also use social media to shape public opinion and to mobilize their own supporters. And apart from using technology to disseminate their own messages, public officials also use technology to monitor – and, at times, thwart – communications by those they deem dangerous. They might intercept (and where, necessary, take steps to decrypt) e-mail messages or other Internet communications, use spyware, or use high-tech video surveillance or location tracking to gather information about individuals’ public movements. In some countries and contexts, such surveillance methods may be aimed by law enforcement primarily at those planning terrorism or other crimes that threaten lives or property. In others, officials may use them to counter ideologies they see as a threat.
This course will explore how legal frameworks – primarily those rooted in constitutional or statutory law – shape political movements’ use of communications technology, and government responses to such communications (or emulation of it to mobilize their own supporters). It will focus on (1) the extent to which political movements use of Internet or other modern communication technology is protected by First Amendment freedom of speech and association in U.S. law and (2) whether and when government surveillance of such communications is limited by Fourth Amendment protections against “unreasonable government searches” by government limits, or by statutory limits on government surveillance (such as those in the Electronic Communications Privacy Act and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act). Although it will use United States law as the starting point for analysis, the course will also look at decisions by the European Court of Human Rights that apply free speech and privacy protections to emerging technologies.