Sexual Assault Prevention
Sexual assault is non-consensual sexual contact using any object or body part, or sexual intercourse (anal, oral or vaginal) involving force, manipulation or coercion. It's an act of aggression, violence and power, and is a felony crime. The assailant can be a stranger, relative, acquaintance or date. Sexual assault is a crime and can be committed upon any human being exclusive of gender. Assaults can happen in different scenarios by a stranger or someone you know well.
The following are examples of sexual assault scenarios:
- Having sexual intercourse with an unwilling person or using threats or physical force to obtain sexual favors; or
- Having sexual intercourse with a person who is physically unconscious or asleep; or
- Participating in a sex act with someone who is incapacitated due to the influence of drugs or alcohol and as such is unable to clearly consent to the act. Use of alcohol or drugs by the perpetrator does not diminish the violation.
The Step-UP program is designed to encourage students to be proactive in helping others using a pro-social approach, becoming an empowered bystander. This pro-social approach shows the reasons why an individual sometimes doesn't help, which after education, provokes them to help. The goals of the program are to:
- Raise awareness of helping behaviors
- Increase the motivation to help others
- Develop skills and confidence when responding to problems or concerns
- Ensure the safety and well-being of others
Strategies of Intervention
- Direct Intervention - take personal responsibility as the primary source of help
- Indirect Intervention - calling another line of defense (Public Safety, police, administrator, etc.) to be the primary source of help
Five Decision-Making Steps
- Notice the Event - at what point could you notice?
- Interpret as a Problem/Emergency - what are the red flags?
- Assume Personal Responsibility - what can you do?
- Have Skills to Intervene - what knowledge/skills are necessary?
- Implement the Help...Step-UP - what are direct/indirect ways to assist?